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Physician Assistants

Provide healthcare services typically performed by a physician, under the supervision of a physician. Conduct complete physicals, provide treatment, and counsel patients. May, in some cases, prescribe medication. Must graduate from an accredited educational program for physician assistants.   (O'Net 29-1071.00)

 
Reported job titles:   Anesthesiologist Assistant, Anesthetic Assistant, Certified Physician Assistant (PA-C), Certified Physician's Assistant, Clinical Physician Assistant, Doctor   (view all job titles)
 
This title represents a group of more specific occupations. For additional information, please select one of the specific occupations below.
Anesthesiologist Assistants
 
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  • Wages
  • Employment Trends
  • Industries of Employment
  • Tasks
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Abilities
  • Work Activities
  • Interests
  • Work Styles
  • License Information
  • Education & Training Requirements
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    Wages
    for Physician Assistants
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     Location Pay
    Period
    2016
    Percentile Wages Average
    Wage
    10% 25% 50%
    Median
    75% 90%
     Vermont Hourly $ 39.70   $ 44.62   $ 52.65   $ 61.74   $ 77.84   $ 54.98  
    Yearly $82,580   $92,810   $109,510   $128,420   $161,900   $114,350  
     
     Burlington-South Burlington, VT Metropolitan NECTA Hourly $ 36.36   $ 43.89   $ 52.75   $ 60.20   $ 72.96   $ 52.35  
    Yearly $75,630   $91,280   $109,710   $125,210   $151,750   $108,890  
     
     Southern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 42.88   $ 48.07   $ 57.19   $ 72.21   $ 90.34   $ 62.34  
    Yearly $89,190   $99,990   $118,960   $150,200   $187,910   $129,660  
     
     Northern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 39.08   $ 41.64   $ 45.38   $ 49.12   $ 57.02   $ 45.77  
    Yearly $81,290   $86,620   $94,380   $102,170   $118,600   $95,200  
     
    What are Percentile Wages?
    source: Occupational Employment Statistics, Vermont Labor Market Information, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, released April 2017.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Physician Assistants
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    Location Employment Annual % change
    (compounded)
    Annual job openings
    (due to growth and
    net replacements)
    2014 2024
    Vermont 349 403 1.4% 13
    source: Employment Projections, Vermont Economic & Labor Market Information, in cooperation with U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, statewide estimates released July 2016.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Physician Assistants
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    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    Ambulatory healthcare services 66.3%
    Hospitals; state, local, and private 22.2%
    Educational services; state, local, and private 3.2%
    Federal government, all industries 2.6%
    Self-employed workers, all industries 1.3%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Physician Assistants
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  • Examine patients to obtain information about their physical condition.
     
  • Interpret diagnostic test results for deviations from normal.
     
  • Obtain, compile and record patient medical data, including health history, progress notes and results of physical examination.
     
  • Make tentative diagnoses and decisions about management and treatment of patients.
     
  • Prescribe therapy or medication with physician approval.
     
  • Administer or order diagnostic tests, such as x-ray, electrocardiogram, and laboratory tests.
     
  • Perform therapeutic procedures, such as injections, immunizations, suturing and wound care, and infection management.
     
  • Instruct and counsel patients about prescribed therapeutic regimens, normal growth and development, family planning, emotional problems of daily living, and health maintenance.
     
  • Provide physicians with assistance during surgery or complicated medical procedures.
     
  • Visit and observe patients on hospital rounds or house calls, updating charts, ordering therapy, and reporting back to physician.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Physician Assistants  updated June 2008
     


    Knowledge
    for Physician Assistants
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  • Biology - Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
     
  • Medicine and Dentistry - Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
     
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
     
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
     
  • Therapy and Counseling - Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
     
  • Chemistry - Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
     
  • Clerical - Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
     
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
     
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Physician Assistants  updated June 2008
     


    Skills
    for Physician Assistants
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  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
     
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
     
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
     
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
     
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
     
  • Science - Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
     
  • Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.
     
  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Physician Assistants  updated June 2010
     


    Abilities
    for Physician Assistants
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  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
     
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
     
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
     
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
     
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
     
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
     
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
     
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
     
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Physician Assistants  updated June 2008
     


    Work Activities
    for Physician Assistants
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  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Assisting and Caring for Others - Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
     
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems - Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
     
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge - Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
     
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events - Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
     
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates - Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
     
  • Documenting/Recording Information - Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
     
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public - Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
     
  • Analyzing Data or Information - Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
     
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships - Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Physician Assistants  updated June 2008
     


    Interests
    for Physician Assistants
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  • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
     
  • Social - Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
     
  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Physician Assistants  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Physician Assistants
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  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
     
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
     
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
     
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
     
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
     
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
     
  • Social Orientation - Job requires preferring to work with others rather than alone, and being personally connected with others on the job.
     
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Physician Assistants  updated June 2008
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Physician Assistants
    Back to Top
     
    License Name Licensing Agency
    Anesthesiologist Assistant, Certified Board of Medical Practice
    Vermont Department of Health
    Physician Assistant Board of Medical Practice
    Vermont Department of Health
     
    source: Vermont Department of Labor, Licensed & Certified Occupations in Vermont, 2015.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Physician Assistants
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  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
  •  
  • Education: Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
  •  
  • Training: Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
  •  
  • Experience: Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Physician Assistants  updated June 2008
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Physician Assistants
    Back to Top
     
      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Physician Assistant.
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
    for Physician Assistants
    Back to Top
     
  • Health Care Careers
  • A resource of the University of Vermont, the Area Health Education Centers Program (AHEC) has four regional centers where you can learn about careers in healthcare and the college programs, finanical aide and other resoures needed to pursue that career.
     
  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Physician Assistants.
  •  
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Physician Assistants :
  • Physician Assistants
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    Related Occupations
    Occupations with skill requirements similar to Physician Assistants
    Back to Top
     
     
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    source: Occupational Information Network: Physician Assistants 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor