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Affirmative Action Plan
Child Labor Laws
Cost of Living in Vermont
Educational Attainment and Income
Employment Definitions
Employment Statistics by Gender
Foreign Labor Certification
Fringe Benefit Information
Job Descriptions
Labor Market Area Definitions
Largest Employers
Median Household Income by Towns
Minimum Wage
Overtime, Mandatory
Posters Required for Employers
Residency for UI Benefits
Shift Differentials
Size of Firm Data
Starting a Business
State of Vermont Jobs
Teacher Certification
Turnover statistics
Unspecified County
Vacation Pay Compensation

  • Affirmative Action Plan
    Question:  Can you please tell me what information is available for an employer to prepare an affirmative action plan?
    Answer:  There are two main sources of data that provide demographic information by occupational category.
    1. The most comprehensive comes from the U.S. Census Bureau and is called the Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Tabulation. It is created from the U.S. Census American Community Survey.
    2. A second source is Labor Exchange Information that reflects only individuals who use VDOL's services.

  • Child Labor Laws
    Question:  My son is 14 years old and would like to get a summer job. I want to know what the legal working age is in Vermont and what rules or restrictions apply to him as far as employment is concerned.
    Answer:  You should contact VDOL Wage & Hour program, phone (802) 828-0267 or email You can also check Wage and Hour FAQs or review the regulations on Child Labor Laws (pdf).

  • Cost of Living in Vermont
    Question:  What is the "Cost of Living" in Vermont compared to other states?
    Answer:  The official "Cost of Living" or Consumer Price Index from the U.S. Dept. of Labor is produced only for the nation and regional areas. Other non-government cost of living indexes include the following:
        C2ER - city-to-city cost of living index,
        ERI - salary survey and city-to-city cost of living comparisons.
    These and other resources can be found at ELMI's Related Web Sites.

  • Discrimination
    Question:  Is it against the law for an employer to put you in a different job position and try to make you quit by taking money away from you, then admitting the reasoning for it is he doesn't like you?
    Answer:  For help with questions about discrimination in the workplace, information is available at Employment Law through the Civil Rights Division of the Attorney General's Office or call 1-888-745-9195 (toll free in Vermont) or (802) 828-3657. For questions concerning wage issues, contact VDOL Wage and Hour, email, phone (802) 828-0267. You may also get assistance outside government at Vermont Worker's Center, Workers' Rights Hotline. You can submit questions online or call 1-866-229-0009 (toll free).

  • Educational Attainment and Income
    Question:  Do you know the median Vermont family income of families with a college degree versus the Vermont family income of families with a high school diploma?
    Answer:  At this time, there is no current information about Vermont "family" income by educational attainment, but there is for "individual" income. The American FactFinder at U.S. Census has Median Earnings by Sex and Educational Attainment for United States and Vermont.

  • Employment Definitions
    Question:  What is the difference between "Employment" and "Covered Employment"?
    Answer:  There are different definitions for "employment" depending on what program source is being used. One of the most detailed sources for employment data is the Unemployment Insurance Program. Data collected under this program is referred to as "UI Covered" or sometimes just "Covered" employment. The main activities NOT included in UI Covered are self employment, railroads, and small agricultural activities. Employment is based on the location of the employer. It takes considerable time to process and edit the reports from more than 20,000 employers, so there is about a 5 month lag in publishing the quarterly numbers. We also publish employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES or NonFarm Payroll) program based on a sample of about 1,900 employers. This data includes some minor elements not included under UI Covered and is published much more quickly, only a 1 month lag. A third, broader source of data, is the Labor Force (Local Area Unemployment Statistics) program. The employment component of the Labor Force is an estimate of people employed based on their residence. It includes all employment for individuals 16 years old and over, including the self-employed, no mater what they do, as long as they are paid. This is usually shown with the unemployment rate estimate.

  • Employment Statistics by Gender
    Question:  How can I get Vermont employment and labor force statistics by gender?
    Answer:  Employment by gender, with industry and location detail, is available from two sources. Covered Employment and Wages (QCEW) uses data from VDOL and reflects employers subject to Unemployment Insurance law. Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics is provided by U.S. Census and combines covered employment and wage data from states with census data.

    Labor force, employment and unemployment by gender is available at Sex by Age Employment Status from Census and Labor Force Characteristics from the Geographic Profile.

  • Foreign Labor Certification
    Question:  Who do I contact for questions related to workers from other countries coming to the United States under the Foreign Labor Certification programs?
    Answer:  Information for employers seeking to hire foreign workers can be found at Wages & Income in the Prevailing Wage side panel.

  • Fringe Benefit Information
    Question:  I am looking for information on fringe benefits provided by Vermont employers.
    Answer:  Information on benefits offered by Vermont firms is contained in the fringe benefit survey report.

  • Job Descriptions
    Question:  What are the laws/regulations governing job description updating and the amount of changes which dictate when a position needs to be hired for or just a job description update?
    Answer:  There are no laws or regulations governing the development of job descriptions as long as they don't discriminate on the basis of race, gender, etc. If you have concerns about discrimination, information is available at Employment Law through the Civil Rights Division of the Attorney General's Office or call 1-888-745-9195 (toll free in Vermont) or (802) 828-3657. For questions concerning wage issues, contact VDOL Wage and Hour, email, phone (802) 828-0267.

  • Labor Market Area Definitions
    Question:  What is a labor market area and how are they defined?
    Answer:  A Labor Market Area consists of an economic center and the associated towns in the area. Labor Market areas are defined every 10 years based on commuting patterns. The current Labor Market Area definitions were effective 1/1/2005 and based on the 2000 census.

  • Largest Employers
    Question:  Where can I find a list of the largest employers in Vermont? In the past you provided a list but I can't find it now?
    Answer:  As of October 2006, we no longer publish lists of the largest employers. Confidentiality standards prohibiting VDOL from releasing employer specific information now include listing the largest employers.

    Other sources for a list of the largest employers in Vermont, based on employment, are the Vermont Business Magazine in their annual Vermont Business & Manufacturers Directory, and at America's Career InfoNet (ACI) - State Profile: Largest Employers. Both sources have shortcomings. VBM focuses on Vermont based private employers, excluding governmental and national firms (e.g., State of Vermont and Wal-Mart are not included). ACI information is based on individual workplaces instead of a business' total activity, so firms with multiple stores/plants will rank lower. Finally, employment levels may differ significantly from information reported to VDOL. The above links are provided as a coutesy. VDOL makes no assurances as to the accuracy of the information from these sources. Use with caution!

  • Median Household Income by Towns
    Question:  Where can I find median household income?
    Answer:  The ELMI publication Economic and Demographic Profiles contains median income for towns based on data from the Vermont Tax Department. The Center for Rural Sudies' Vermont Housing Data contains a wide varity of Housing Data, many items from U. S. Census. Finally, State median income is available from the U. S. Census Bureau.

  • Minimum Wage
    Question:  What is the state minimum wage? What is the minimum wage for waiters and waitresses?
    Answer:  The latest minimum wage information, including minimum wage for wait staff, is available from Wage and Hour. You can contact them by phone (802) 828-0267 or email

  • Overtime, Mandatory
    Question:  Can an employer make overtime mandatory, and what can be done if you don't want to work overtime?
    Answer:  The VDOL Wage & Hour Program administers laws related to this issue. You can browse their Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ), call (802) 828-0267, or email

  • Posters Required for Employers
    Question:  I am interested in obtaining the required postings for Vermont employers.
    Answer:  You can obtain all requried workplace postings from the VDOL Wage and Hour program, call (802) 828-0267, email, or download from VDOL publications. All required workplace postings are free.

  • Residency for UI Benefits
    Question:  I am a resident of New Hampshire, but was employed in Vermont. Do I file my claim for Unemployment Insurance in Vermont or New Hampshire?
    Answer:  [from FAQs UI - Workers] For work performed in Vermont, you should call the Vermont Initial Claims line at 1-877-214-3330 (toll free).

  • Shift Differentials
    Question:  Does the department have any survey information on shift differentials throughout the state? Does anyone know where I can get that information if the Department does not have it?
    Answer:  We do not collect data for shift differentials but the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes national data from their National Compensation Survey. Check the latest release of "Employer Costs for Employee Compensation".

  • Size of Firm Data
    Question:  I am looking for data on number of establishments and employees by firm size in the State of Vermont.
    Answer:  Firm size information is available through the Covered Employment and Wages (QCEW) size class tables.

  • Starting a Business
    Question:  I want to start a small business. What do I need to do as far as the state is concerned?
    Answer:  The Vermont Department of Economic Development is a good resource on how to start a buisness. For starters, you will probably want to contact Secretary of State, 800-439-8683, and the Vermont Department of Taxes, (802) 828-2551. If you plan to hire workers, you should contact the following VDOL divisions: Unemployment Insurance and Wages - Employer Services , email, phone (802) 828-4344, and Worker's Compensation - Employers, email, phone (802) 828-2286.

  • State of Vermont Jobs
    Question:  What is the process for applying for state jobs? Do I need to take civil service tests or something? How do I find out how, when and where the tests or the job listings of this type are?
    Answer:  Information on state employment opportunities is available at the Vermont Department of Human Resources. You can also contact HR by phone at 1-855-828-6700 (toll free) or 802-828-6700.

  • Teacher Certification
    Question:  What are the requirements for teaching jobs in Vermont? Where can I find the information needed to see if I qualify to teach?
    Answer:  The Educator Licensing Office of the Vermont Department of Education can provide information about the requirements for teaching in Vermont. You can contact them by calling (802) 479-1700 or email

  • Turnover statistics
    Question:  Does the state track turnover statistics by region or by industry?
    Answer:  Turnover statistics for Vermont are available by region, industry, age and gender at Quarterly Workforce Indicators. This and seven other labor maket indicators are derived by the U.S. Census through the Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics program by merging Unemployment Insurance data ("covered employment") from states with census demographic data.

  • Unspecified County
    Question:  What businesses are included in the unspecified county category.
    Answer:  The substate area, "Unspecified", contains businesses that cannot be assigned to a specific location. Since 2003, most of this group consists of respite workers, hired by individuals living at home, paid by Medicaid through an administrator who is unable to provide work location information.

  • Vacation Pay Compensation
    Question:  I recently left my job at one company to take another. I had two weeks of vacation time due to me at my first job, which I did not use. The company is refusing to pay me for my unused vacation time. How do I go about resolving this issue?
    Answer:  VDOL Wage and Hour program deals with this type of issue. You can submit a wage claim form and/or contact them by phone (802) 828-0267 or email

 State of Vermont Department of Labor