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Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers

Install, service, or repair heating and air conditioning systems in residences or commercial establishments.   (O'Net 49-9021.01)

 
Reported job titles:   A/C Tech (Air Conditioning Technician), Air and Hydronic Balancing Technician, Air Conditioner or Furnace Gas Appliance Mechanic, Air Conditioning Specialist, Attic Fans Mechanic, Baseboard Heating Installer   (view all job titles)
 
  • Career Video
  • Wages
  • Employment Trends
  • Industries of Employment
  • Tasks
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Abilities
  • Work Activities
  • Interests
  • Work Styles
  • License Information
  • Education & Training Requirements
  • Schools
  • Other Resources
  • Related Occupations
  •  


    Career Video
    related to Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers
    Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers photo Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers
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    Wages
    for Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers which includes:
                          - Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers
                          - Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers
    Back to Top
     Location Pay
    Period
    2015
    Percentile Wages Average
    Wage
    10% 25% 50%
    Median
    75% 90%
     Vermont Hourly $ 17.36   $ 20.05   $ 22.83   $ 27.12   $ 30.70   $ 23.59  
    Yearly n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a  
     
     Burlington-South Burlington, VT Metropolitan NECTA Hourly $ 17.88   $ 21.14   $ 25.46   $ 29.48   $ 34.05   $ 25.35  
    Yearly n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a  
     
     Southern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 17.55   $ 19.91   $ 22.21   $ 24.98   $ 28.65   $ 22.41  
    Yearly n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a  
     
     Northern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 16.20   $ 19.29   $ 21.58   $ 23.78   $ 33.14   $ 22.79  
    Yearly n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a  
     
    What are Percentile Wages?
    source: Occupational Employment Statistics, Vermont Labor Market Information, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, released April 2016.
    Note: 2015 release includes new geographic definitions based on 2010 Census.
    n/a - For some occupations that do not generally work full time year-round, only hourly wages or annual salaries are reported depending on how they are typically paid.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers which includes:
                                  - Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers
                                  - Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers
    Back to Top
    Location Employment Annual % change
    (compounded)
    Annual job openings
    (due to growth and
    net replacements)
    2014 2024
    Vermont 846 849 0.0% 13
    source: Employment Projections, Vermont Economic & Labor Market Information, in cooperation with U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, statewide estimates released July 2016.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers which includes:
                                - Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers
                                - Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers
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    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    Specialty trade contractors 65.0%
    Self-employed workers, all industries 8.6%
    Educational services; state, local, and private 4.3%
    Nonstore retailers 3.3%
    Merchant wholesalers, durable goods 3.0%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers
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  • Test electrical circuits or components for continuity, using electrical test equipment.
     
  • Test pipe or tubing joints or connections for leaks, using pressure gauge or soap-and-water solution.
     
  • Join pipes or tubing to equipment and to fuel, water, or refrigerant source, to form complete circuit.
     
  • Reassemble and test equipment following repairs.
     
  • Repair or replace defective equipment, components, or wiring.
     
  • Lay out and connect electrical wiring between controls and equipment, according to wiring diagrams, using electrician's hand tools.
     
  • Obtain and maintain required certifications.
     
  • Install, connect, and adjust thermostats, humidistats and timers, using hand tools.
     
  • Comply with all applicable standards, policies, and procedures, including safety procedures and the maintenance of a clean work area.
     
  • Inspect and test systems to verify system compliance with plans and specifications or to detect and locate malfunctions.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers  updated June 2010
     


    Knowledge
    for Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers
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  • Mechanical - Knowledge of machines and tools, including their designs, uses, repair, and maintenance.
     
  • Building and Construction - Knowledge of materials, methods, and the tools involved in the construction or repair of houses, buildings, or other structures such as highways and roads.
     
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
     
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
     
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
     
  • Chemistry - Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
     
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
     
  • Design - Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.
     
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
     
  • Engineering and Technology - Knowledge of the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers  updated June 2010
     


    Skills
    for Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers
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  • Installation - Installing equipment, machines, wiring, or programs to meet specifications.
     
  • Troubleshooting - Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.
     
  • Repairing - Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
     
  • Equipment Maintenance - Performing routine maintenance on equipment and determining when and what kind of maintenance is needed.
     
  • Operation Monitoring - Watching gauges, dials, or other indicators to make sure a machine is working properly.
     
  • Quality Control Analysis - Conducting tests and inspections of products, services, or processes to evaluate quality or performance.
     
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Operation and Control - Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
     
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers  updated June 2010
     


    Abilities
    for Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers
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  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
     
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
  • Finger Dexterity - The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble very small objects.
     
  • Perceptual Speed - The ability to quickly and accurately compare similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time or one after the other. This ability also includes comparing a presented object with a remembered object.
     
  • Visualization - The ability to imagine how something will look after it is moved around or when its parts are moved or rearranged.
     
  • Extent Flexibility - The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
     
  • Manual Dexterity - The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
     
  • Multilimb Coordination - The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
     
  • Trunk Strength - The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without 'giving out' or fatiguing.
     
  • Arm-Hand Steadiness - The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers  updated June 2010
     


    Work Activities
    for Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers
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  • Performing General Physical Activities - Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling of materials.
     
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems - Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
     
  • Handling and Moving Objects - Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
     
  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Inspecting Equipment, Structures, or Material - Inspecting equipment, structures, or materials to identify the cause of errors or other problems or defects.
     
  • Repairing and Maintaining Mechanical Equipment - Servicing, repairing, adjusting, and testing machines, devices, moving parts, and equipment that operate primarily on the basis of mechanical (not electronic) principles.
     
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events - Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
     
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge - Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
     
  • Operating Vehicles, Mechanized Devices, or Equipment - Running, maneuvering, navigating, or driving vehicles or mechanized equipment, such as forklifts, passenger vehicles, aircraft, or water craft.
     
  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings - Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers  updated June 2010
     


    Interests
    for Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers
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  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
     
  • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
     
  • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers
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  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
     
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
     
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
     
  • Persistence - Job requires persistence in the face of obstacles.
     
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
     
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
     
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
     
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers  updated June 2010
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers
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    License Name Licensing Agency
    Propane/Natural Gas Installer Fire Safety Division
    Vermont Department of Public Safety
    Oil Burner Installer Fire Safety Division
    Vermont Department of Public Safety
     
    source: Vermont Department of Labor, Licensed & Certified Occupations in Vermont, 2015.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers
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  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed
  •  
  • Education: Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.
  •  
  • Training: Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.
  •  
  • Experience: Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers  updated June 2010
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers
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      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Heating, Air Conditioning, Ventilation and Refrigeration Maintenance Technology/Technician
     
    • Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering Technology/Technician
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
    for Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers
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  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers.
  •  
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers :
  • Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers
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  • For additional information on Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers , go to O*NET Online Detail Report.
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    Related Occupations
    Occupations with skill requirements similar to Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers
    Back to Top
     
     
  • Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door
  •  
  • Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment
  •  
  • Electricians
  •  
  • Elevator Installers and Repairers
  •  
  • Industrial Machinery Mechanics
  •  
  • Motorboat Mechanics and Service Technicians
  •  
  • Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers
  •  
  • Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor