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Speech-Language Pathologists

Assess and treat persons with speech, language, voice, and fluency disorders. May select alternative communication systems and teach their use. May perform research related to speech and language problems.   (O'Net 29-1127.00)

 
Reported job titles:   Bilingual Speech-Language Pathologist, Communication Specialist, Educational Speech-Language Clinician, Language Pathologist, Oral Therapist, Speech and Hearing Clinic Director   (view all job titles)
 
  • Career Video
  • Wages
  • Employment Trends
  • Industries of Employment
  • Tasks
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Abilities
  • Work Activities
  • Interests
  • Work Styles
  • License Information
  • Education & Training Requirements
  • Schools
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    Wages
    for Speech-Language Pathologists
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     Location Pay
    Period
    2016
    Percentile Wages Average
    Wage
    10% 25% 50%
    Median
    75% 90%
     Vermont Hourly $ 22.47   $ 26.84   $ 32.83   $ 41.36   $ 50.03   $ 34.85  
    Yearly $46,740   $55,820   $68,290   $86,040   $104,070   $72,490  
     
     Burlington-South Burlington, VT Metropolitan NECTA Hourly $ 25.86   $ 28.77   $ 35.38   $ 43.12   $ 48.23   $ 36.01  
    Yearly $53,790   $59,830   $73,580   $89,680   $100,330   $74,900  
     
     Southern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 20.71   $ 24.01   $ 32.51   $ 45.53   $ 59.13   $ 36.03  
    Yearly $43,070   $49,950   $67,620   $94,710   $122,980   $74,940  
     
     Northern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 22.65   $ 26.29   $ 29.69   $ 34.58   $ 38.15   $ 29.93  
    Yearly $47,110   $54,680   $61,760   $71,930   $79,350   $62,260  
     
    What are Percentile Wages?
    source: Occupational Employment Statistics, Vermont Labor Market Information, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, released April 2017.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Speech-Language Pathologists
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    Location Employment Annual % change
    (compounded)
    Annual job openings
    (due to growth and
    net replacements)
    2014 2024
    Vermont 413 452 0.9% 14
    source: Employment Projections, Vermont Economic & Labor Market Information, in cooperation with U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, statewide estimates released July 2016.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Speech-Language Pathologists
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    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    Educational services; state, local, and private 43.6%
    Ambulatory healthcare services 24.5%
    Hospitals; state, local, and private 12.9%
    Self-employed workers, all industries 6.1%
    Nursing and residential care facilities 5.0%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Speech-Language Pathologists
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  • Monitor patients' progress and adjust treatments accordingly.
     
  • Develop or implement treatment plans for problems such as stuttering, delayed language, swallowing disorders, or inappropriate pitch or harsh voice problems, based on own assessments and recommendations of physicians, psychologists, or social workers.
     
  • Write reports and maintain proper documentation of information, such as client Medicaid or billing records or caseload activities, including the initial evaluation, treatment, progress, and discharge of clients.
     
  • Participate in and write reports for meetings regarding patients' progress, such as individualized educational planning (IEP) meetings, in-service meetings, or intervention assistance team meetings.
     
  • Evaluate hearing or speech and language test results, barium swallow results, or medical or background information to diagnose and plan treatment for speech, language, fluency, voice, or swallowing disorders.
     
  • Complete administrative responsibilities, such as coordinating paperwork, scheduling case management activities, or writing lesson plans.
     
  • Develop individual or group activities or programs in schools to deal with behavior, speech, language, or swallowing problems.
     
  • Instruct clients in techniques for more effective communication, such as sign language, lip reading, or voice improvement.
     
  • Administer hearing or speech and language evaluations, tests, or examinations to patients to collect information on type and degree of impairments, using written or oral tests or special instruments.
     
  • Educate patients and family members about various topics, such as communication techniques or strategies to cope with or to avoid personal misunderstandings.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Speech-Language Pathologists  updated July 2013
     


    Knowledge
    for Speech-Language Pathologists
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  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
     
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
     
  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
     
  • Therapy and Counseling - Knowledge of principles, methods, and procedures for diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of physical and mental dysfunctions, and for career counseling and guidance.
     
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
     
  • Clerical - Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
     
  • Communications and Media - Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
     
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
     
  • Foreign Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Speech-Language Pathologists  updated July 2013
     


    Skills
    for Speech-Language Pathologists
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  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Learning Strategies - Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
     
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
     
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
     
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
     
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
     
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
     
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
     
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Speech-Language Pathologists  updated July 2013
     


    Abilities
    for Speech-Language Pathologists
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  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
     
  • Speech Recognition - The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
     
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
     
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
     
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
     
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
     
  • Fluency of Ideas - The ability to come up with a number of ideas about a topic (the number of ideas is important, not their quality, correctness, or creativity).
     
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
     
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Speech-Language Pathologists  updated July 2013
     


    Work Activities
    for Speech-Language Pathologists
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  • Developing Objectives and Strategies - Establishing long-range objectives and specifying the strategies and actions to achieve them.
     
  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Documenting/Recording Information - Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
     
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge - Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
     
  • Assisting and Caring for Others - Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
     
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards - Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
     
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems - Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
     
  • Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work - Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.
     
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships - Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
     
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates - Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Speech-Language Pathologists  updated July 2013
     


    Interests
    for Speech-Language Pathologists
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  • Social - Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
     
  • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
     
  • Artistic - Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Speech-Language Pathologists  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Speech-Language Pathologists
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  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
     
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
     
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
     
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
     
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
     
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
     
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
     
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Speech-Language Pathologists  updated July 2013
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Speech-Language Pathologists
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    License Name Licensing Agency
    Educator Office of Educator Licensing
    Vermont Agency of Education
    Speech-Language Pathologist Vermont Secretary of State
    Office of Professional Regulation
    Speech-Language Pathologist Licensing
     
    source: Vermont Department of Labor, Licensed & Certified Occupations in Vermont, 2015.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Speech-Language Pathologists
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  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
  •  
  • Education: Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
  •  
  • Training: Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
  •  
  • Experience: Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Speech-Language Pathologists  updated July 2013
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Speech-Language Pathologists
    Back to Top
     
      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Audiology/Audiologist and Speech-Language Pathology/Pathologist.
     
    • Communication Disorders Sciences and Services, Other.
     
    • Communication Sciences and Disorders, General.
     
    • Speech-Language Pathology/Pathologist.
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
    for Speech-Language Pathologists
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  • Health Care Careers
  • A resource of the University of Vermont, the Area Health Education Centers Program (AHEC) has four regional centers where you can learn about careers in healthcare and the college programs, finanical aide and other resoures needed to pursue that career.
     
  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Speech-Language Pathologists.
  •  
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Speech-Language Pathologists :
  • Speech-Language Pathologists
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    Related Occupations
    Occupations with skill requirements similar to Speech-Language Pathologists
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  • Advanced Practice Psychiatric Nurses
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  • Educational, Guidance, School, and Vocational Counselors
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  • Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education
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  • Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary
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  • Healthcare Social Workers
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  • Home Economics Teachers, Postsecondary
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  • Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary
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  • School Psychologists
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    source: Occupational Information Network: Speech-Language Pathologists 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor