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Pharmacists

Dispense drugs prescribed by physicians and other health practitioners and provide information to patients about medications and their use. May advise physicians and other health practitioners on the selection, dosage, interactions, and side effects of medications.   (O'Net 29-1051.00)

 
Reported job titles:   Apothecary, Clinical Pharmacist, Doctor of Pharmacy, Druggist, Hospital Pharmacist, Industrial Pharmacist   (view all job titles)
 
  • Career Video
  • Wages
  • Employment Trends
  • Industries of Employment
  • Tasks
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Abilities
  • Work Activities
  • Interests
  • Work Styles
  • License Information
  • Education & Training Requirements
  • Schools
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    Wages
    for Pharmacists
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     Location Pay
    Period
    2015
    Percentile Wages Average
    Wage
    10% 25% 50%
    Median
    75% 90%
     Vermont Hourly $ 43.41   $ 53.11   $ 62.93   $ 70.28   $ 74.88   $ 59.45  
    Yearly $90,290   $110,470   $130,890   $146,190   $155,760   $123,650  
     
     Burlington-South Burlington, VT Metropolitan NECTA Hourly $ 49.37   $ 58.17   $ 65.25   $ 71.22   $ 75.35   $ 61.79  
    Yearly $102,680   $120,990   $135,720   $148,150   $156,730   $128,520  
     
     Southern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 43.15   $ 50.80   $ 62.33   $ 70.47   $ 75.68   $ 59.51  
    Yearly $89,760   $105,660   $129,660   $146,580   $157,410   $123,780  
     
     Northern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 40.36   $ 50.49   $ 59.34   $ 67.73   $ 73.33   $ 55.79  
    Yearly $83,950   $105,020   $123,430   $140,880   $152,520   $116,030  
     
    What are Percentile Wages?
    source: Occupational Employment Statistics, Vermont Labor Market Information, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, released April 2016.
    Note: 2015 release includes new geographic definitions based on 2010 Census.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Pharmacists
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    Location Employment Annual % change
    (compounded)
    Annual job openings
    (due to growth and
    net replacements)
    2014 2024
    Vermont 508 509 0.0% 12
    source: Employment Projections, Vermont Economic & Labor Market Information, in cooperation with U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, statewide estimates released July 2016.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Pharmacists
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    Industry Percent of Total
    2014
    Health and personal care stores 42.5%
    Hospitals; state, local, and private 23.8%
    General merchandise stores 9.6%
    Food and beverage stores 7.8%
    Ambulatory healthcare services 3.9%
    source: Employment Projections, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Employment Matrix, released July 2016.
     


    Tasks
    for Pharmacists
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  • Review prescriptions to assure accuracy, to ascertain the needed ingredients, and to evaluate their suitability.
     
  • Provide information and advice regarding drug interactions, side effects, dosage, and proper medication storage.
     
  • Maintain records, such as pharmacy files, patient profiles, charge system files, inventories, control records for radioactive nuclei, or registries of poisons, narcotics, or controlled drugs.
     
  • Plan, implement, or maintain procedures for mixing, packaging, or labeling pharmaceuticals, according to policy and legal requirements, to ensure quality, security, and proper disposal.
     
  • Assess the identity, strength, or purity of medications.
     
  • Collaborate with other health care professionals to plan, monitor, review, or evaluate the quality or effectiveness of drugs or drug regimens, providing advice on drug applications or characteristics.
     
  • Order and purchase pharmaceutical supplies, medical supplies, or drugs, maintaining stock and storing and handling it properly.
     
  • Analyze prescribing trends to monitor patient compliance and to prevent excessive usage or harmful interactions.
     
  • Advise customers on the selection of medication brands, medical equipment, or healthcare supplies.
     
  • Compound and dispense medications as prescribed by doctors and dentists, by calculating, weighing, measuring, and mixing ingredients, or oversee these activities.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Pharmacists  updated July 2013
     


    Knowledge
    for Pharmacists
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  • Biology - Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
     
  • Chemistry - Knowledge of the chemical composition, structure, and properties of substances and of the chemical processes and transformations that they undergo. This includes uses of chemicals and their interactions, danger signs, production techniques, and disposal methods.
     
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
     
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
     
  • Medicine and Dentistry - Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
     
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
     
  • Clerical - Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
     
  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
     
  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Pharmacists  updated July 2013
     


    Skills
    for Pharmacists
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  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
     
  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Instructing - Teaching others how to do something.
     
  • Monitoring - Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.
     
  • Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.
     
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
     
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
     
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
     
  • Science - Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Pharmacists  updated July 2013
     


    Abilities
    for Pharmacists
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  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
     
  • Written Comprehension - The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
     
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
     
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
     
  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
     
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
     
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
     
  • Written Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.
     
  • Category Flexibility - The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Pharmacists  updated July 2013
     


    Work Activities
    for Pharmacists
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  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge - Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
     
  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Interacting With Computers - Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
     
  • Processing Information - Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
     
  • Documenting/Recording Information - Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
     
  • Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance with Standards - Using relevant information and individual judgment to determine whether events or processes comply with laws, regulations, or standards.
     
  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems - Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
     
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public - Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
     
  • Assisting and Caring for Others - Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
     
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events - Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Pharmacists  updated July 2013
     


    Interests
    for Pharmacists
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  • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
     
  • Conventional - Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
     
  • Social - Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Pharmacists  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Pharmacists
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  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
     
  • Stress Tolerance - Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.
     
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
     
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
     
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
     
  • Adaptability/Flexibility - Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.
     
  • Achievement/Effort - Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.
     
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Pharmacists  updated July 2013
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Pharmacists
    Back to Top
     
    License Name Licensing Agency
    Pharmacist Vermont Secretary of State
    Office of Professional Regulation
    Board of Pharmacy
     
    source: Vermont Department of Labor, Licensed & Certified Occupations in Vermont, 2015.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Pharmacists
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  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
  •  
  • Education: Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
  •  
  • Training: Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
  •  
  • Experience: Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Pharmacists  updated July 2013
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Pharmacists
    Back to Top
     
      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Clinical and Industrial Drug Development.
     
    • Clinical, Hospital, and Managed Care Pharmacy.
     
    • Industrial and Physical Pharmacy and Cosmetic Sciences.
     
    • Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry.
     
    • Natural Products Chemistry and Pharmacognosy.
     
    • Pharmaceutical Sciences. (NEW)
     
    • Pharmaceutics and Drug Design.
     
    • Pharmacoeconomics/Pharmaceutical Economics.
     
    • Pharmacy Administration and Pharmacy Policy and Regulatory Affairs.
     
    • Pharmacy.
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
    for Pharmacists
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  • Health Care Careers
  • A resource of the University of Vermont, the Area Health Education Centers Program (AHEC) has four regional centers where you can learn about careers in healthcare and the college programs, finanical aide and other resoures needed to pursue that career.
     
  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Pharmacists.
  •  
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
    Handbook occupations related to Pharmacists :
  • Pharmacists
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    Related Occupations
    Occupations with skill requirements similar to Pharmacists
    Back to Top
     
     
  • Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary
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  • Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists
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  • Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists
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  • Nuclear Medicine Physicians
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  • Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary
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  • Occupational Health and Safety Specialists
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  • Orthoptists
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  • Physician Assistants
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Pharmacists 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor