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Optometrists

Diagnose, manage, and treat conditions and diseases of the human eye and visual system. Examine eyes and visual system, diagnose problems or impairments, prescribe corrective lenses, and provide treatment. May prescribe therapeutic drugs to treat specific eye conditions.   (O'Net 29-1041.00)

 
Reported job titles:   Doctor, Doctor of Optometry (OD), Optometrist, Optometry Doctor (OD)
 
  • Career Video
  • Wages
  • Employment Trends
  • Industries of Employment
  • Tasks
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Abilities
  • Work Activities
  • Interests
  • Work Styles
  • License Information
  • Education & Training Requirements
  • Schools
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    Career Video
    for Optometrists
     
    Optometrists photo Optometrists photo Optometrists photo
    Career Video:   View video on Optometrists
     


    Wages
    for Optometrists
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     Location Pay
    Period
    2013
    Percentile Wages Average
    Wage
    10% 25% 50%
    Median
    75% 90%
     Vermont Hourly $ 28.69   $ 34.62   $ 47.02   $ 56.78   $ 70.03   $ 47.73  
    Yearly $ 59,670   $ 72,000   $ 97,790   $118,100   $145,650   $ 99,270  
     
     Burlington-South Burlington, VT Metropolitan NECTA Hourly $ 28.86   $ 31.80   $ 36.61   $ 52.82   $ 64.21   $ 41.85  
    Yearly $ 60,030   $ 66,140   $ 76,150   $109,870   $133,560   $ 87,040  
     
     Southern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 15.37   $ 32.32   $ 42.33   $ 51.32   $ 57.09   $ 40.40  
    Yearly $ 31,970   $ 67,220   $ 88,040   $106,750   $118,740   $ 84,030  
     
     Northern Vermont Balance of State Hourly $ 44.86   $ 50.05   $ 57.10   $ 72.53   $90.00+   $ 64.16  
    Yearly $ 93,320   $104,110   $118,780   $150,870   $187,200+   $133,450  
     
    What are Percentile Wages?
    source: Occupational Employment Statistics, Vermont Labor Market Information, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, released April 2014.
    + This wage is equal to or greater than $90.00 per hour or $187,200 per year.
     


    Employment Trends
    for Optometrists
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    Location Employment Annual % change
    (compounded)
    Annual job openings
    (due to growth and
    net replacements)
    2010 2020
    Vermont 77 89 1.5% 4
    source: Employment Projections, Vermont Economic & Labor Market Information, in cooperation with U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, statewide estimates released August 2012, area estimates released April 2013.
     


    Industries of Employment
    for Optometrists
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    No industries of employment data for this occupation.
     


    Tasks
    for Optometrists
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  • Examine eyes, using observation, instruments and pharmaceutical agents, to determine visual acuity and perception, focus and coordination and to diagnose diseases and other abnormalities such as glaucoma or color blindness.
     
  • Prescribe medications to treat eye diseases if state laws permit.
     
  • Prescribe, supply, fit and adjust eyeglasses, contact lenses and other vision aids.
     
  • Analyze test results and develop a treatment plan.
     
  • Educate and counsel patients on contact lens care, visual hygiene, lighting arrangements and safety factors.
     
  • Remove foreign bodies from the eye.
     
  • Consult with and refer patients to ophthalmologist or other health care practitioner if additional medical treatment is determined necessary.
     
  • Provide patients undergoing eye surgeries, such as cataract and laser vision correction, with pre- and post-operative care.
     
  • Prescribe therapeutic procedures to correct or conserve vision.
     
  • Provide vision therapy and low vision rehabilitation.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Optometrists  updated June 2008
     


    Knowledge
    for Optometrists
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  • Medicine and Dentistry - Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.
     
  • Customer and Personal Service - Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
     
  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
     
  • Biology - Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
     
  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
     
  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
     
  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
     
  • Sales and Marketing - Knowledge of principles and methods for showing, promoting, and selling products or services. This includes marketing strategy and tactics, product demonstration, sales techniques, and sales control systems.
     
  • Physics - Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.
     
  • Personnel and Human Resources - Knowledge of principles and procedures for personnel recruitment, selection, training, compensation and benefits, labor relations and negotiation, and personnel information systems.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Optometrists  updated June 2008
     


    Skills
    for Optometrists
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  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
     
  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
     
  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
     
  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
     
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
     
  • Service Orientation - Actively looking for ways to help people.
     
  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
     
  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
     
  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
     
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Optometrists  updated June 2008
     


    Abilities
    for Optometrists
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  • Problem Sensitivity - The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.
     
  • Near Vision - The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).
     
  • Deductive Reasoning - The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
     
  • Inductive Reasoning - The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).
     
  • Oral Comprehension - The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
     
  • Oral Expression - The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
     
  • Flexibility of Closure - The ability to identify or detect a known pattern (a figure, object, word, or sound) that is hidden in other distracting material.
     
  • Information Ordering - The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
     
  • Selective Attention - The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
     
  • Speech Clarity - The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Optometrists  updated June 2008
     


    Work Activities
    for Optometrists
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  • Making Decisions and Solving Problems - Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.
     
  • Performing for or Working Directly with the Public - Performing for people or dealing directly with the public. This includes serving customers in restaurants and stores, and receiving clients or guests.
     
  • Documenting/Recording Information - Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
     
  • Getting Information - Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
     
  • Assisting and Caring for Others - Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.
     
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge - Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
     
  • Analyzing Data or Information - Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
     
  • Processing Information - Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.
     
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships - Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
     
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events - Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Optometrists  updated June 2008
     


    Interests
    for Optometrists
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  • Investigative - Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
     
  • Social - Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
     
  • Realistic - Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outsi
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Optometrists  updated June 2008
     


    Work Styles
    for Optometrists
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  • Integrity - Job requires being honest and ethical.
     
  • Concern for Others - Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
     
  • Attention to Detail - Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
     
  • Dependability - Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
     
  • Analytical Thinking - Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.
     
  • Cooperation - Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
     
  • Initiative - Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.
     
  • Self Control - Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.
     
  • Leadership - Job requires a willingness to lead, take charge, and offer opinions and direction.
     
  • Independence - Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
     
    source: Occupational Information Network: Optometrists  updated June 2008
     


    State of Vermont License Information
    that may be required for Optometrists
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    No state licenses listed for this occupation.
     


    Education and Training Requirements
    for Optometrists
    Back to Top
     
     
  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed
  •  
  • Education: Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
  •  
  • Training: Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
  •  
  • Experience: Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
  •  
    source: Occupational Information Network: Optometrists  updated June 2008
     


    Schools
    offering instructional programs related to Optometrists
    Back to Top
     
      Related Instructional Programs
     
    • Optometry (OD)
     
     Search for schools offering these programs at
     
     
     
    source: National Center for Education Statistics 2000 Classification of Instructional Programs .
     


    Other Resources
    for Optometrists
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  • Choose Nursing VT
  • A resource of the University of Vermont AHEC Nursing Workforce Research, Planning and Development, where you can learn about:
  • Becoming a nurse,
  • Student Nurse/LNA Externiship,
  • Re-Entry Information,
  • Research & Reports.
  •  
  • Labor Exchange Information
  • A source for occupational characteristics, such as age, gender, race, and years of education and an alternative source for occupational wage rates. Limited to people looking for jobs and the jobs advertised through VDOL Vermont Job Link.
  • Look for statewide information over the latest 12 months for Optometrists .
  •  
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook
  • The Occupational Outlook Handbook is a nationally recognized source of career information, designed to provide valuable assistance to individuals making decisions about their future work lives. Revised every two years, the Handbook describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations.
    Go to Occupational Outlook Handbook
     
  • O*NET™ Online
  • O*NET Online is an interactive web site for those interested in exploring occupations through O*NET, The Occupational Information Network database.   All of the descriptive information on this page comes from the O*NET database, version 14.0, released July 2009.   The O*NET database takes the place of the Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT) as the nation's primary source of occupational information.
  • For additional information on Optometrists , go to O*NET Online Detail Report.
  • For the O*NET Online home page, go to   
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    Related Occupations
    Occupations with skill requirements similar to Optometrists
    Back to Top
     
     
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  • Respiratory Therapists
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    source: Occupational Information Network: Optometrists 
     

     
     
     
    Vermont.gov State of Vermont Department of Labor